December 2002 - Volume 1, Issue 6
e-Bulletin of College of Sciences and Technology
Savannah State University

Science in Schools

Math in Schools

Spotlight on Santa & Co.!...

Research Publications


Students at ABRCMS

Students at ASA Meeting

Alumna gets MS!

A 2002 Best Invention!

Einstein & Atomic Bomb

Minority Health Institute

University News

Quotable Quotes!
e-Bulletin for December 2002 Happy New Year!
 Previous Issues:  Aug ' 02  Sept ' 02  Oct ' 02    Homecoming Special   Nov ' 02
Science Achievement in America's Schools

Eighty-two percent of our nation's twelfth graders performed below the proficient level on the 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science test.

The longer students stay in the current system the worse they do. According to the 1995 Third International Mathematics and Science Study, U.S. fourth graders ranked second. By twelfth grade, they fell to 16th, behind nearly every industrialized rival and ahead of only Cyprus and South Africa.

As the U.S. Commission on National Security in the Twenty-First Century reports, "More Americans will have to understand and work competently with science and math on a daily basis . . . the inadequacies of our systems of research and education pose a greater threat to U.S. national security over the next quarter century than any potential conventional war that we might imagine."


Math Achievement in America's Schools

According to the 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the average math scores of fourth- and eighth-graders, and twelfth-graders have improved only slightly.

However, only a quarter of our fourth- and eighth-graders are performing at or above proficient levels in math. Twelfth-grade math scores have not improved since 1996, and a closer look at those scores reveals that the biggest drop occurred at the lowest levels of achievement. These are the students who most need our help and who can least afford to lose any more ground.


Kudos to .....

Dr. Kenneth Sajwan

Dr. S. Paramasivam

Recent Research Publications
By Dr. Kenneth Sajwan
and Dr. Siva Paramasivam

(Dept of Natural Sciences & Mathematics)

Sajwan, K.S., S. Paramasivam, J.P. Richardson, and A.K. Alva. 2002. Phosphorus alleviation of Cadmium phytotoxicity. J. Plant Nutrition. 25(9): 2027-2034.

Alva, A.K., B. Huang, S. Paramasivam, and K.S. Sajwan. 2002. Evaluation of root growth limiting factors in spodic horizons of Spodosols. J. Plant Nutrition. 25(9): 2001-2014.

Adriano, D.C., J. Weber, N.S. Bolan, S. Paramasivam, Bob-Jon, Koo, and K.S. Sajwan. 2002. Effects of high rates of coal fly ash on soil, turfgrass, and groundwater quality. J. Water Air and Soil Pollution. 139(1): 365-385.

Loganathan, B.G., N. Yamashita, K. Seaford, N. Hanari, and K.S. Sajwan. 2002. Polychlorinated Napthalenes in Pine Needles: An Atmospheric Evaluation of Selected Locations in the Southeastern United States. Organohalogen Compounds. 58: 133-137.

Paramasivam, S., A.K. Alva, A Fares, and K.S. Sajwan. 2002. Fate of Nitrate and Bromide in an Unsaturated Zone of a Sandy Soil. J. Environmental Quality. 31: 671-681.

Workshops ... Seminars ...!

Seminar on "The Applications of Laplace Transform in evaluating integration"
Speaker: Dr. Mulatu Lemma, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, SSU
Organized by the Department of Natural Sciences & Mathematics, Mathematics Program
November 26, 2002; 10:10 AM; Herty Hall Room 212(Contact: Dr. Shinemin Lin)

Seminar on "Analysis of anaxial convergence front in a tidal inlet"
Speaker: Dr. Chunyan Li, Skidaway Institute of Oceanography
Organized by the Department of Natural Sciences & Mathematics, Marine Sciences Program
November 15, 2002; 4:00 PM; Marine Sciences Bldg.
(Contact: Dr. Carol Pride)

COST Students at Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students

Proud of the Display! .... Tawanya with Dr. Singh

Happy to explain! ........ Rosalyn

Ten undergraduate students of the Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics participated in the Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS) held from November 13-16 at New Orleans. Four DNSM students - Ms. Twana McNair, Ms. Kenya Crawford, Ms. Roslyn Park and Joseph Todd - presented scientific posters. The other students who attended the conference were Trenis Plamer, John Braxton, Tomeka Ray, Harriet King, Brian Williams and Alvin Zakiar. Drs. H. Singh, Jeffrey James, Shinaz Jindani and Chellu Chetty also attended the conference.The SSU/NIH MARC Program (Director: Dr. Harpal Singh) sponsored the trip for the eight students including the five MARC trainees ( J. Todd,T. Plamer., J. Braxton, T. Ray and H King) and three faculty members. Mr. Brian Williams and Mr. Alvin Zakiar received the FASEB travel award to attend the conference. Dr. C. Chetty and Mr. John Baker represented the SSU–MBRS Program at the conference.

This conference marked the 30th anniversary of the NIH supported MARC/MBRS Programs. Some of the conference key note speakers were as follows: Dr. Ruth Kirschtein, Deputy Director, National Institutes of Health, the Honorable Louis Stokes (Former US Congressman), Mr. Bernard A. Harris, Jr., M.D. (Former Astronaut and First African American to Perform a Space Walk), Dr. Alfred G. Gilman (recipient 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine) and Dr. John Ruffin, Director, The National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities.

COST Students at American Society of Agronomy Meeting

Craig and Delise with Dr. John Doran,
Past president of Soil Society of America

Hi! Look at my Poster! ... Craig with Dr. Sajwan

Two undergraduate students, Craig Young and Jeffrey Delise, of the Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics exhibited their posters in the American Society of Agronomy Meeting held from November 10-14 at Indianapolis, IN.

Our Alumna, Meeca, graduates with MS in Chemical Engineering!

Ms. Meeca L. Hamilton has earned her MS in Chemical Engineering from North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC in June 2002.

Ms. Hamilton obtained her BS degree in Chemical Engineering Technology from Savannah State University in December 1997.

Congratulations, Meeca!

(Request to all COST Alumni:
Thank you for your overwhelming response to help us update our alumni database. Please continue to keep in touch and also to let us know your achievements in your professional careers/ higher studies/ promotions/ new appointments. Thanks!)

Source: - 2002 Best Inventions

Special Request (from Jay):
Please don't let my Shaska (see photo) get a sniff at this news!

Wonder what your dog is really thinking?

Japanese toymaker Takara claims it can get you in touch with your inner canine through its new Bowlingual.

A radio microphone attaches to Fido's collar, and a handheld receiver "translates" his yelps, growls and whines into such phrases as "I can't stand it," "How boring" and "I'm lonely." How does it work? Samples of dog noises were collected, interpreted by animal behaviorists and stored in a doggie database. When your dog barks, the sound is beamed to the handheld and matched to the database.

When in doubt, take him for a walk.

To Learn More: Visit

Photo: Albert Einstein
Archive, © The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Einstein and Atomic Bomb

In 1938, three chemists working in a laboratory in Berlin made a discovery that would alter the course of history: they split the uranium atom. The energy released when this splitting, or fission, occurs is tremendous—enough to power a bomb. But before such a weapon could be built, numerous technical problems had to be overcome.

When Einstein learned that the Germans might succeed in solving these problems, he wrote to President Franklin Roosevelt with his concerns. Einstein's 1939 letter helped initiate the U.S. effort to build an atomic bomb, but work proceeded slowly at first. Two other findings in 1940 and 1941 demonstrated conclusively that the bomb was feasible and made building the bomb a top priority for the United States: the determination of the "critical mass" of uranium needed and the confirmation that plutonium could undergo fission and be used in a bomb. In December 1941, the government launched the Manhattan Project, the scientific and military undertaking to develop the bomb.

A Letter to the President

In August 1939, Einstein wrote to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt to warn him that the Nazis were working on a new and powerful weapon: an atomic bomb. Fellow physicist Leo Szilard urged Einstein to send the letter and helped him draft it.

Einstein: A Security Risk

In July 1940, the U.S. Army Intelligence office denied Einstein the security clearance needed to work on the Manhattan Project. The hundreds of scientists on the project were forbidden from consulting with Einstein, because the left-leaning political activist was deemed a potential security risk.

"Woe is me."—Albert Einstein, upon hearing the news of the Hiroshima bombing
The Bombing of Japan

On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki, Japan, three days after bombing Hiroshima. By the end of 1945, an estimated 200,000 people had died in the two cities.

Einstein and the Nuclear Age

Although he never worked directly on the atomic bomb, Einstein is often incorrectly associated with the advent of nuclear weapons. His famous equation E=mc2 explains the energy released in an atomic bomb but doesn't explain how to build one. He repeatedly reminded people, "I do not consider myself the father of the release of atomic energy. My part in it was quite indirect." Nevertheless, Einstein was frequently asked to explain his role—as he was when a Japanese magazine editor asked him, "Why did you cooperate in the production of atomic bombs, knowing full well their...destructive power?"

Einstein's answer was always that his only act had been to write to President Roosevelt suggesting that the United States research atomic weapons before the Germans harnessed this deadly technology. He came to regret taking even this step. In an interview with Newsweek magazine, he said that "had I known that the Germans would not succeed in developing an atomic bomb, I would have done nothing."

Source: American Museum of Natural History:

Institute on Minority Health
Savannah State University

(Dr. J. Allen Zow, Founding Director & Dr. Jerry Wright, Interim Executive Director)

Mission Statement:

To develop an infrastructure of research resources and facilities that will enable Savannah State University to contribute significantly to the reduction of health disparities among racial and ethnic populations.

Vision Statement:

Using the collective resources of the institution to strategically support faculty research in minority health toward the elimination of racial and ethnic disparities as described in Health People 2010.


(1) Create, nurture and expand a network of researchers in minority health for collaborative research opportunities.

(2) Improve the quality of data and increase the quantity of health research pertaining to racial and/or ethnic populations.

(3) The University will assist the African American Health Information & Resource Center in its outreach efforts to eliminate the disparity in disease rates between whites and minorities.

(4) The University will examine the effects of lifestyle differences as determinants of disparate health outcomes in the African-American community.

(5) The University will facilitate the local community’s awareness of factors contributing to the health status of African-Americans.

(6) The University will assist the community in understanding the role of technology in eliminating health disparities.

(7) The University will develop curricula designed to examine the management of healthcare administration of minority health issues through the MPA program.

(8) The University will develop sensitivity training classes to address the provider-patient communication concerns.

(9) The University will support the research efforts of the AAHIRC, a community outreach by St. Joseph’s/Candler Health System (SJCH) and will utilize SJCH ‘s resources to facilitate clinical/medical data necessary for research.

University News

Under the auspices of the Presidential Enhancement Lecture Series, Mr. Deric Gilliard (Author of "Living in the Shadows of a Legend - Unsung Heroes & 'Sheroes' Who Marched with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr." ) delivered an interesting talk on Thursday, November 21, 2002.

During November 12-16, 15 diverse students from Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID collaborated with 15 SSU students on the 2002-03 Diversity Education & Exchange Project(DEEP).
The purpose of DEEP is to expand students' understanding and appreciation of diversity topics and issues by participating in an "exchange" of campus experiences.
Dr. Bertice Berry delivered an entertaining talk as part of the Leadership Lecture Series, III on Thursday, November 14, 2002.

Quotable Quotes ......!

"The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically ... Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education." - Martin Luther King, Jr.

"It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge." - Albert Einstein

"If you think your teacher is tough, wait until you get a boss. He doesn't have tenure." - Bill Gates

This monthly e-Bulletin, ‘SciTech’, will provide you with the latest information about the College of Sciences and Technology of Savannah State University. It will also include selected highlights from the world of Sciences and Technology.

Please send your comments/contributions to next e-Bulletin to jay or Berenice Scott before 15th of each month.

Dr. Kuppuswamy Jayaraman
Acting Dean, College of Sciences and Technology
P.O. Box 20019, Savannah, GA 31404
Tel: 912 356 2349
Fax: 912 356 2432